Genetic variations, reproductive aging, and breast cancer risk in African American and European American women: The Women's Circle of Health Study
Coignet, Marie V.
Bandera, Elisa V.
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CitationCoignet, Marie V., Gary Robert Zirpoli, Michelle R. Roberts, Thaer Khoury, Elisa V. Bandera, Qianqian Zhu, and Song Yao. 2017. “Genetic variations, reproductive aging, and breast cancer risk in African American and European American women: The Women's Circle of Health Study.” PLoS ONE 12 (10): e0187205. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0187205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187205.
AbstractReproductive aging phenotypes, including age at menarche (AM) and age at natural menopause (ANM), are well-established risk factors for breast cancer. In recent years, many genetic variants have been identified in association with AM and ANM in genome-wide association studies among European populations. Using data from the Women’s Circle of Health Study (WCHS) of 1,307 European-American (EA) and 1,365 African-American (AA) breast cancer cases and controls, we aimed to replicate 53 earlier GWAS variants for AM and ANM in AA and EA groups and to perform analyses on total and net reproductive lifespan (TRLS; NRLS). Breast cancer risk was also examined in relation to a polygenic risk score (PRS) for each of the reproductive aging phenotypes. We replicated a number of variants in EA women, including rs7759938 in LIN28B for AM and rs16991615 in MCM8 for ANM; whereas in the AA group, only one SNP (rs2947411 in TMEM18) for AM was directionally consistent and nominally significant. In analysis of TRLS and NRLS, several SNPs were significant, including rs466639 in RXRG that was associated with both phenotypes in both AA and EA groups. None of the PRS was associated with breast cancer risk. Given the paucity of data available among AA populations, our study contributes to the literature of genetics of reproductive aging in AA women and highlights the importance of cross population replication of GWAS variants.
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