Physical activity and the risk of hip fracture in the elderly: a prospective cohort study
Lagerros, Ylva Trolle
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CitationLagerros, Ylva Trolle, Essi Hantikainen, Karl Michaëlsson, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, and Rino Bellocco. 2017. “Physical activity and the risk of hip fracture in the elderly: a prospective cohort study.” European Journal of Epidemiology 32 (11): 983-991. doi:10.1007/s10654-017-0312-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-017-0312-5.
AbstractPhysical activity has been inversely associated with the risk of hip fracture, however, few studies have been conducted on the contributions from different domains of physical activity. This study was performed to investigate the association between daily household activities, leisure time physical activity, work-related physical activity and total physical activity during a 24-h period, and the risk of hip fracture. In the Swedish National March Cohort we followed 23,881 men and women aged of 50 and over from 1997 until 2010. Information on domain-specific physical activity was collected at baseline using a questionnaire. We fitted separate multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazard models to each domain to obtain hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Each model was mutually adjusted for the other domains of physical activity. During a mean follow-up period of 12.2 years we identified 824 incidents of hip fracture. Subjects who spent less than 1 h per week engaged in daily household activities had an 85% higher risk of hip fracture than subjects spending ≥6 h per week carrying out daily household activities (HR 1.85; 95% CI 1.01–3.38). Subjects engaged in leisure time physical activities for >3.1 MET-h/day had a 24% lower risk of hip fracture (HR 0.76; 95% CI 0.59–0.98) than subjects spending <1.1 MET-h/day performing such activities. No association was found between hip fracture and work-related or total physical activity. We conclude that daily household activities and leisure time physical activity may independently decrease the risk of hip fracture in those aged 50 and over. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10654-017-0312-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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