Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities
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CitationRussell, Kasey J., Tsung-Li Liu, Shanying Cui, and Evelyn L. Hu. 2012. Large spontaneous emission enhancement in plasmonic nanocavities. Nature Photonics 6, no. 7: 459–462. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2012.112.
AbstractCavity–emitter coupling can enable a host of potential appli- cations in quantum optics, from low-threshold lasers to brighter single-photon sources for quantum cryptography1. Although some of the first demonstrations of spontaneous emission modification occurred in metallic structures2,3, it was only after the recent demonstration of cavity quantum electrody- namics effects in dielectric optical cavities4 that metal-based optical cavities were considered for quantum optics appli- cations5–13. Advantages of metal–optical cavities include their compatibility with a large variety of emitters and their broad- band cavity spectra, which enable enhancement of spectrally broad emitters. Here, we demonstrate radiative emission rate enhancements approaching 1,000 for emitters coupled to the nanoscale gap between a silver nanowire and a silver substrate. A quantitative comparison of our results with analytical theory shows that the enhanced emission rate of gap-mode plasmons in our structures can yield high internal quantum efficiency despite the close proximity of metal surfaces.
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