Arterial versus venous endothelial cells
dela Paz, Nathaniel G.
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CitationDela Paz, Nathaniel G., and Patricia A. D’Amore. 2008. “Arterial Versus Venous Endothelial Cells.” Cell and Tissue Research 335 (1) (October 30): 5–16. doi:10.1007/s00441-008-0706-5.
AbstractVascular endothelial cells (ECs) form the inner lining of all blood vessels from the largest artery and veins, viz., the aorta and venae cavae, respectively, to the capillaries that connect the arterial and venous systems. Because these two major conducting systems of the cardiovasculature differ functionally, it is not surprising that the physical makeup of arteries and veins, including the ECs that line their lumina, are also distinct. Although few would argue that the local environment contributes to the differences between arteries and veins, recent evidence has shown that the specification of arterial and venous identity is largely genetically determined.
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