Integrated Analysis of Gene Expression Differences in Twins Discordant for Disease and Binary Phenotypes

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Integrated Analysis of Gene Expression Differences in Twins Discordant for Disease and Binary Phenotypes

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Title: Integrated Analysis of Gene Expression Differences in Twins Discordant for Disease and Binary Phenotypes
Author: Tangirala, Sivateja; Patel, Chirag J.

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Citation: Tangirala, Sivateja, and Chirag J. Patel. 2018. “Integrated Analysis of Gene Expression Differences in Twins Discordant for Disease and Binary Phenotypes.” Scientific Reports 8 (1): 17. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18585-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18585-3.
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Abstract: While both genes and environment contribute to phenotype, deciphering environmental contributions to phenotype is a challenge. Furthermore, elucidating how different phenotypes may share similar environmental etiologies also is challenging. One way to identify environmental influences is through a discordant monozygotic (MZ) twin study design. Here, we assessed differential gene expression in MZ discordant twin pairs (affected vs. non-affected) for seven phenotypes, including chronic fatigue syndrome, obesity, ulcerative colitis, major depressive disorder, intermittent allergic rhinitis, physical activity, and intelligence quotient, comparing the spectrum of genes differentially expressed across seven phenotypes individually. Second, we performed meta-analysis for each gene to identify commonalities and differences in gene expression signatures between the seven phenotypes. In our integrative analyses, we found that there may be a common gene expression signature (with small effect sizes) across the phenotypes; however, differences between phenotypes with respect to differentially expressed genes were more prominently featured. Therefore, defining common environmentally induced pathways in phenotypes remains elusive. We make our work accessible by providing a new database (DiscTwinExprDB: http://apps.chiragjpgroup.org/disctwinexprdb/) for investigators to study non-genotypic influence on gene expression.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18585-3
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758574/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34868782
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