A three-dimensional model of human lung development and disease from pluripotent stem cells

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A three-dimensional model of human lung development and disease from pluripotent stem cells

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Title: A three-dimensional model of human lung development and disease from pluripotent stem cells
Author: Chen, Ya-Wen; Huang, Sarah Xuelian; de Carvalho, Ana Luisa Rodrigues Toste; Ho, Siu-Hong; Islam, Mohammad Naimul; Volpi, Stefano; Notarangelo, Luigi D; Ciancanelli, Michael; Casanova, Jean-Laurent; Bhattacharya, Jahar; Liang, Alice F.; Palermo, Laura M; Porotto, Matteo; Moscona, Anne; Snoeck, Hans-Willem

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Citation: Chen, Y., S. X. Huang, A. L. R. T. de Carvalho, S. Ho, M. N. Islam, S. Volpi, L. D. Notarangelo, et al. 2017. “A three-dimensional model of human lung development and disease from pluripotent stem cells.” Nature cell biology 19 (5): 542-549. doi:10.1038/ncb3510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb3510.
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Abstract: Recapitulation of lung development from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in three dimensions (3D) would allow deeper insight into human development, as well as the development of innovative strategies for disease modeling, drug discovery and regenerative medicine1. We report here the generation from hPSCs of lung bud organoids (LBOs) that contain mesoderm and pulmonary endoderm and develop into branching airway and early alveolar structures after xenotransplantation and in Matrigel 3D culture. Expression analysis and structural features indicated that the branching structures reached the second trimester of human gestation. Infection in vitro with respiratory syncytial virus, which causes small airway obstruction and bronchiolitis in infants2, led to swelling, detachment and shedding of infected cells into the organoid lumens, similar to what has been observed in human lungs3. Introduction of mutation in HPS1, which causes an early-onset form of intractable pulmonary fibrosis4,5, led to accumulation of extracellular matrix and mesenchymal cells, suggesting the potential use of this model to recapitulate fibrotic lung disease in vitro. LBOs therefore recapitulate lung development and may provide a useful tool to model lung disease.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/ncb3510
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5777163/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34868872
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