Brain Tumor Cells in Circulation Are Enriched for Mesenchymal Gene Expression
Madden, M. W.
Oliveira, S. M.
Chi, A. S.
Rothenberg, S. M.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationSullivan, J. P., B. V. Nahed, M. W. Madden, S. M. Oliveira, S. Springer, D. Bhere, A. S. Chi, et al. 2014. Brain Tumor Cells in Circulation Are Enriched for Mesenchymal Gene Expression. Cancer Discovery 4, no. 11: 1299–1309. doi:10.1158/2159-8290.cd-14-0471.
AbstractGlioblastoma (GBM) is a highly aggressive brain cancer characterized by local invasion and angiogenic recruitment, yet metastatic dissemination is extremely rare. Here, we adapted a microfluidic device to deplete hematopoietic cells from blood specimens of patients with GBM, uncovering evidence of circulating brain tumor cells (CTCs). Staining and scoring criteria for GBM CTCs were first established using orthotopic patient-derived xenografts (PDX), and then applied clinically: CTCs were identified in at least one blood specimen from 13/33 patients (39%; 26/87 samples). Single GBM CTCs isolated from both patients and mouse PDX models demonstrated enrichment for mesenchymal over neural differentiation markers, compared with primary GBMs. Within primary GBMs, RNA-in-situ hybridization identifies a subpopulation of highly migratory mesenchymal tumor cells, and in a rare patient with disseminated GBM, systemic lesions were exclusively mesenchymal. Thus, a mesenchymal subset of GBM cells invades into the vasculature, and may proliferate outside the brain.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34872754
- HMS Scholarly Articles