Evaluating the Health Impact of Large-Scale Public Policy Changes: Classical and Novel Approaches

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Evaluating the Health Impact of Large-Scale Public Policy Changes: Classical and Novel Approaches

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Evaluating the Health Impact of Large-Scale Public Policy Changes: Classical and Novel Approaches
Author: Basu, Sanjay; Meghani, Ankita; Siddiqi, Arjumand

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Basu, Sanjay, Ankita Meghani, and Arjumand Siddiqi. 2018. “Evaluating the Health Impact of Large-Scale Public Policy Changes: Classical and Novel Approaches.” Annual review of public health 38 (1): 351-370. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044208.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Large-scale public policy changes are often recommended to improve public health. Despite varying widely—from tobacco taxes to poverty-relief programs—such policies present a common dilemma to public health researchers: how to evaluate their health effects when randomized controlled trials are not possible. Here, we review the state of knowledge and experience of public health researchers who rigorously evaluate the health consequences of large-scale public policy changes. We organize our discussion by detailing approaches to address three common challenges of conducting policy evaluations: distinguishing a policy effect from time trends in health outcomes or preexisting differences between policy-affected and -unaffected communities (using difference-in-differences approaches); constructing a comparison population when a policy affects a population for whom a well-matched comparator is not immediately available (using propensity score or synthetic control approaches); and addressing unobserved confounders by utilizing quasi-random variations in policy exposure (using regression discontinuity, instrumental variables, or near-far matching approaches).
Published Version: doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044208
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5815378/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:35014814
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters