Micropapillary Carcinoma of Stomach: A Clinicopathologic and Immunohistochemical Study of 11 Cases
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Roh, Ji Hyeon
Park, Cheol Keun
Sohn, Tae Sung
Kim, Kyoung-MeeNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationRoh, Ji Hyeon, Amitabh Srivastava, Gregory Y. Lauwers, Jungsuk An, Kee-Taek Jang, Cheol Keun Park, Tae Sung Sohn, Sung Kim, and Kyoung-Mee Kim. 2010. “Micropapillary Carcinoma of Stomach.” The American Journal of Surgical Pathology 34 (8) (August): 1139–1146. doi:10.1097/pas.0b013e3181e7043b.
AbstractMicropapillary carcinoma (MPC) of the stomach is a rare, newly recognized entity, and only 2 patients with this histology have been reported. We investigated clinicopathologic features, expression of mucin (MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6, CD10) and cytokeratin profiles (CK7 and CK20), epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR and HER2), prognostic markers (p53 and Ki-67), and outcomes in 11 MPCs of the stomach. The proportion of MPC component ranged from 5% to 70%. Micropapillary features were often found at the deep advancing edge of the tumor. Endolymphatic tumor emboli were found in 10 cases (91%) and lymph node metastases were found in 4 cases (36%). In MPCs, positive expression was observed for Ki-67 (82%), CK7 (73%), EGFR (64%), p53 (64%), MUC5AC (45%), MUC6 (36%), and CK20 (27%). However, MUC2, CD10, and HER2 expression was negative in all cases. In 9 conventional adenocarcinomas and 11 papillary adenocarcinomas with multiple endolymphatic tumor emboli, used as control, positive expression was observed for Ki-67 (100%), CK7 (90%), EGFR (80%), CK20 (70%), p53 (70%), MUC5AC (70%), MUC6 (60%), MUC2 (40%), CD10 (25%), and HER2 (15%). Expression of MUC2, CK20, and the Ki-67 labeling index was significantly higher in control adenocarcinomas as compared with MPCs (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in other clinicopathologic features and overall patient survival. Subclassification of MPCs into 2 subgroups according to the proportion of micropapillary component (cut-off value was 20%) failed to find any significant clinicopathologic differences (P>0.05). Although MPCs in other organs show a poor prognosis, this does not seem to be true for gastric MPCs. Further larger studies are necessary to confirm our initial findings.
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