Does negative religious coping accompany, precede, or follow depression among Orthodox Jews?
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Pargament, Kenneth I.
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CitationPirutinsky, Steven, David H. Rosmarin, Kenneth I. Pargament, and Elizabeth Midlarsky. 2011. Does Negative Religious Coping Accompany, Precede, or Follow Depression Among Orthodox Jews?. Journal of Affective Disorders 132, no. 3: 401–405. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2011.03.015.
AbstractBackground: Cross sectional research suggests that negative religious coping (e.g., anger at God and religious disengagement) strongly correlates with depression and anxiety. However,
causality is difficult to establish as negative coping can accompany, cause, or result from
distress. Among Orthodox Jews, some studies have found correlations between negative religious coping and anxiety and depression, while others found that high levels of negative coping related with decreased distress. We therefore examined longitudinal relationships between negative coping and depressive symptoms among Orthodox Jews. Methods: Participants (80 Orthodox Jews) completed the Jewish Religious Coping Scale and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies' Depression Scale at two times. Using Structural Equation Modeling, we compared four models describing possible causal patterns. Results: Negative religious coping and depressive symptoms were linearly related. Furthermore, a model including negative coping as a predictor of future depression fit the data best and did not significantly differ from a saturated model. Limitations: This research was limited by reliance on self-report measures, an internet sample, and examination of only negative religious coping. Conclusions: Consistent with a “primary spiritual struggles” conceptualization, negative religious coping appears to precede and perhaps cause future depression among Orthodox Jews. Clinical interventions should target spiritual struggles, and more research integrating this construct into theory and practice is warranted.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:35646685
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