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dc.contributor.authorTryon, Christian A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Jason E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRanhorn, Kathryn L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKwekason, Amandusen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlex, Bridgeten_US
dc.contributor.authorLaird, Myra F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarean, Curtis W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNiespolo, Elizabethen_US
dc.contributor.authorNivens, Joelleen_US
dc.contributor.authorMabulla, Audax Z. P.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-19T14:27:42Z
dc.date.issued2018en_US
dc.identifier.citationTryon, Christian A., Jason E. Lewis, Kathryn L. Ranhorn, Amandus Kwekason, Bridget Alex, Myra F. Laird, Curtis W. Marean, Elizabeth Niespolo, Joelle Nivens, and Audax Z. P. Mabulla. 2018. “Middle and Later Stone Age chronology of Kisese II rockshelter (UNESCO World Heritage Kondoa Rock-Art Sites), Tanzania.” PLoS ONE 13 (2): e0192029. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0192029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192029.en
dc.identifier.issnen
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:35982703
dc.description.abstractThe archaeology of East Africa during the last ~65,000 years plays a central role in debates about the origins and dispersal of modern humans, Homo sapiens. Despite the historical importance of the region to these discussions, reliable chronologies for the nature, tempo, and timing of human behavioral changes seen among Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) archaeological assemblages are sparse. The Kisese II rockshelter in the Kondoa region of Tanzania, originally excavated in 1956, preserves a ≥ 6-m-thick archaeological succession that spans the MSA/LSA transition, with lithic artifacts such as Levallois and bladelet cores and backed microliths, the recurrent use of red ochre, and >5,000 ostrich eggshell beads and bead fragments. Twenty-nine radiocarbon dates on ostrich eggshell carbonate make Kisese II one of the most robust chronological sequences for understanding archaeological change over the last ~47,000 years in East Africa. In particular, ostrich eggshell beads and backed microliths appear by 46–42 ka cal BP and occur throughout overlying Late Pleistocene and Holocene strata. Changes in lithic technology suggest an MSA/LSA transition that began 39–34.3 ka, with typical LSA technologies in place by the Last Glacial Maximum. The timing of these changes demonstrates the time-transgressive nature of behavioral innovations often linked to the origins of modern humans, even within a single region of Africa.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0192029en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5830042/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen
dc.subjectArchaeologyen
dc.subjectArchaeological Datingen
dc.subjectRadioactive Carbon Datingen
dc.subjectChemical Characterizationen
dc.subjectIsotope Analysisen
dc.subjectAnthropologyen
dc.subjectPaleoanthropologyen
dc.subjectBiology and Life Sciencesen
dc.subjectPaleontologyen
dc.subjectEarth Sciencesen
dc.subjectPhysical Anthropologyen
dc.subjectGeologyen
dc.subjectStratigraphyen
dc.subjectOrganismsen
dc.subjectEukaryotaen
dc.subjectAnimalsen
dc.subjectVertebratesen
dc.subjectAmniotesen
dc.subjectBirdsen
dc.subjectOstrichesen
dc.subjectPeople and Placesen
dc.subjectGeographical Locationsen
dc.subjectAfricaen
dc.subjectGeologic Timeen
dc.subjectCenozoic Eraen
dc.subjectQuaternary Perioden
dc.subjectHolocene Epochen
dc.titleMiddle and Later Stone Age chronology of Kisese II rockshelter (UNESCO World Heritage Kondoa Rock-Art Sites), Tanzaniaen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalPLoS ONEen
dash.depositing.authorTryon, Christian A.en_US
dc.date.available2018-04-19T14:27:42Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0192029*
dash.contributor.affiliatedRanhorn, Kathryn
dash.contributor.affiliatedTryon, Christian
dash.contributor.affiliatedAlex, Bridget
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0002-9683-9219


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