Middle-Period Discourse on the Zhong Guo: The Central Country

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Middle-Period Discourse on the Zhong Guo: The Central Country

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Title: Middle-Period Discourse on the Zhong Guo: The Central Country
Author: Bol, Peter K. ORCID  0000-0002-1485-095X
Citation: Bol, Peter K. 2009. Middle-period discourse on the Zhong Guo: The central country. Hanxue Yanjiu.
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Abstract: English: During the middle period (8th - 15th century) literati began to discuss Zhong guo as both historical place and as culture. Although such writing made a clear distinction between Zhong guo as the central and superior spatiocultural entity and the surrounding peoples and states (the Yi di), these writers were also opposed to an expansionist foreign policy that tried to incorporate outsiders into the empire. In contrast foreign conquerors typically avoided the discourse of Zhong guo and instead used ethnicity as basis for defining membership in their empires. Although this was a means legislating privileges for the conquering minority it also removed the limits on imperial expansion that were inherent in the discourse of the Zhong guo.

Chinese: 在近古時期(八至十五世紀),士人開始將「中國」同時視為「歷史地 點」與「文化」而進行討論。 雖然這類著作將「中國」視作處於中央並具優 越性的空間 — 文化主體,而將之與其周圍的人民,國家(夷狄)做出清楚 的區分,然而這些作者同時也反對試圖將外人納入其帝國的擴張性對外政 策。 相反的,外國征服者通常避 免「中國」論述基礎。 雖然這是一種將少 數征服者所享有之特權合法化的方法,然而它也移除了內在於「中國」論述 中對帝國擴張的限制。
Published Version: http://www.ceps.com.tw/ec/ecJnlIntro.aspx?Jnliid=3243
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3629313
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