Postoperative Intensive Care Unit Requirements After Elective Craniotomy
Hanak, Brian W.
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CitationHanak, Brian W., Brian P. Walcott, Brian V. Nahed, Alona Muzikansky, Matthew K. Mian, William T. Kimberly, and William T. Curry. 2014. Postoperative Intensive Care Unit Requirements After Elective Craniotomy. World Neurosurgery 81, no. 1: 165–172. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2012.11.068.
AbstractObjective: Commonly, patients undergoing craniotomy are admitted to an intensive care setting post-operatively to allow for close monitoring. We aim to determine the frequency with which patients who have undergone elective craniotomies require intensive care unit level interventions or experience significant complications during the post-operative period to identify a subset of patients for whom an alternative to ICU level care may be appropriate. Methods: Following Institutional Review Board approval, a prospective, consecutive cohort of adult patients undergoing elective craniotomy was established at the Massachusetts General Hospital between the dates of April 2010 and March 2011. Inclusion criteria were intradural operations requiring craniotomy performed on adults (18 years of age or greater). Exclusion criteria were cases of an urgent or emergent nature, patients who remained intubated post-operatively, and patients who had a ventriculostomy drain in place at the conclusion of the case. Results: 400 patients were analyzed. Univariate analysis revealed that diabetics (p = 0.00047), patients who required intra-operative blood product administration (p = 0.032), older patients (p < 0.0001), patients with higher intra-operative blood losses (p = 0.041), and patients who underwent longer surgical procedures (p = 0.021) were more likely to require ICU-level interventions or experience significant post-operative complications. Multivariate analysis only found diabetes (p = 0.0005) and age (p = 0.0091) to be predictive of a patient’s need for post-operative intensive care unit admission. Conclusions: Diabetes and older age predict the need for ICU-level intervention after elective craniotomy. Properly selected patients may not require post-craniotomy ICU monitoring. Further study of resource utilization is necessary to validate these preliminary findings, particularly in different hospital types.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:37034626
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