Characterization of a Mechanically Tunable Gyroid Photonic Crystal Inspired by the Butterfly Parides Sesostris
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CitationPouya, Caroline, Johannes T. B. Overvelde, Mathias Kolle, Joanna Aizenberg, Katia Bertoldi, James C. Weaver, and Pete Vukusic. 2015. “Characterization of a Mechanically Tunable Gyroid Photonic Crystal Inspired by the Butterfly Parides Sesostris.” Advanced Optical Materials 4 (1) (September 25): 99–105. doi:10.1002/adom.201500436.
AbstractDynamically tunable three-dimensional photonic materials offer potential for the development of novel optical technologies. For spectral ranges of interest, however, the systematic and high-throughput characterization of their optical responses as a function of physical deformation remains elusive. This arises from challenges associated with their nanoscale fabrication, deformation, and structural and optical characterization. By exploiting the scale-invariance of Maxwell’s equations and of the elastic material response, we demonstrate the systematic characterization of a tunable macro-scale replica of the gyroid structure found in Parides sesostris butterflies’ wing scales. This scaled replica of the natural photonic crystal was fabricated from a UV cross-linkable elastomer capable of large-range
reversible linear deformation via high-resolution additive manufacturing. The controlled deformation of this periodic elastomer-based photonic crystal allowed for a systematic variation of its optical response. Microwave spectroscopy, electromagnetic and mechanical Finite-Element Analysis, and x-ray computed micro-tomography were used to gain a detailed understanding of the gyroid’s compression-induced deformation and the resulting modification of its electromagnetic properties. This approach enables controlled and rapid prototyping and optimization of any desired photonic architecture at macroscopic dimensions prior to the fabrication of its nano/microscopic analogue relevant for manipulating smaller wavelength radiation for use in a wide range of technological applications.
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