Now showing items 52-71 of 506

    • Certification Strategies, Industrial Development and a Global Market for Biofuels 

      Hausmann, Ricardo; Wagner, Rodrigo (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2009-12)
      A disproportionately large amount of the world's agronomic potential for the production of bio-ethanol is concentrated in a subset of developing countries. To develop that potential, countries need both the existence of ...
    • The Challenge of Building (Real) State Capability 

      Andrews, Matthew; Pritchett, Lant; Woolcock, Michael (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2015-12)
      Efforts to build state capability often take the form of commonly used, highly designed and engineered best practice solutions that have worked in many other places and that we suspect (and hope) will work again in many ...
    • Challenges in Land Tenure and Land Reform in Africa: An Anthropological Perspective 

      Peters, Pauline E. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2007-03)
      The paper discusses the interface of anthropological research on land with policy positions across formative periods - from the colonial period through to the present as land tenure reform has repeatedly become a development ...
    • The Challenges of Universal Health Insurance in Developing Countries: Evidence from a Large-scale Randomized Experiment in Indonesia 

      Banerjee, Abhijit; Finkelstein, Amy; Hanna, Rema; Olken, Benjamin A.; Ornaghi, Arianna; Sumarto, Sudarno (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2019-10)
      To assess ways to achieve widespread health insurance coverage with financial solvency in developing countries, we designed a randomized experiment involving almost 6,000 households in Indonesia who are subject to a ...
    • The Changing Global Distribution of Malaria: A Review 

      Hamoudi, Amar; Sachs, Jeffrey D. (1999-03)
    • Characteristics and Behavior of African Commodity/Product Markets and Market Institutions and Their Consequences for Economic Growth 

      Jerome, Afeikhena; Ogunkola, Olawale (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-01)
      This study examines the characteristics and behaviour of key commodity/product markets and market institutions in Africa and their consequences for economic growth. Their contribution to economic growth appears to have ...
    • Characteristics and Behavior of African Factor Markets and Market Institutions and Their Consequences for Economic Growth 

      Adenikinju, Adeola F.; Oyeranti, Olugboyega (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 1999-12)
      This paper provides a detailed characterisation of the structure and behaviour of African factor markets and the institutions that impact on their operations. It shows that the African factor markets are imperfect and ...
    • Characteristics of Leadership and Five Equator Prize 2002 Finalists 

      Timmer, Vanessa (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2004-11)
      The Equator Initiative was launched as part of the international community’s deliberations at the World Summit on Sustainable Development on how to combine poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. The focus of the ...
    • China and the Global Economy: Medium-term Issues and Options - A Synthesis Report 

      Lim, Edwin; Spence, Michael; Hausmann, Ricardo (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-06)
      China’s economic and social achievements since the beginning of reform and opening are unprecedented in global history. Managing the growth process in this continuously changing environment has required great skill and the ...
    • City Size, Distance and Formal Employment 

      O’Clery, Neave; Lora, Eduardo (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-10)
      Cities thrive through the diversity of their occupants because the availability of complementary skills enables firms in the formal sector to grow, delivering increasingly sophisticated products and services. The appearance ...
    • Classifying Exchange Rate Regimes: 15 Years Later 

      Levy Yeyati, Eduardo; Sturzenegger, Federico (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2016-06)
      Levy Yeyati and Sturzenegger (2001, 2003, 2005) proposed an exchange rate regime classification based on cluster analysis to group countries according to the relative volatility of exchange rates and reserves, thereby ...
    • Climate and Scale in Economic Growth 

      Masters, William A.; McMillan, Margaret S. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-06)
      This paper introduces new data on climatic conditions to empirical tests of growth theories. We find that, since 1960, temperate countries have converged towards high levels of income while tropical nations have converged ...
    • Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development 

      Mellinger, Andrew D.; Sachs, Jeffrey D.; Gallup, John L. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 1999-09)
      Geographic information systems (GIS) data was used on a global scale to examine the relationship between climate (ecozones), water navigability, and economic development in terms of GDP per capita. GDP per capita and the ...
    • Closing the Gender Gap in Education: Does it Foretell the Closing of the Employment, Marriage, and Motherhood Gaps? 

      Ganguli, Ina; Hausmann, Ricardo; Viarengo, Martina (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2011-04)
      In this paper we examine several dimensions of gender disparity for a sample of 40 countries using micro-level data. We start by documenting the reversal of the gender education gap and ranking countries by the year in ...
    • Collective Reputation in Trade: Evidence from the Chinese Dairy Industry 

      Bai, Jie; Gazze, Ludovica; Wang, Yukun (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2019-10)
      Collective reputation implies an important externality. Among firms trading internationally, quality shocks about one firm’s products could affect the demand of other firms from the same origin country. We study this issue ...
    • Communal Taps: Assessing the Impact of Shared Pipe Water Supplies in Kyrgyzstan 

      Meeks, Robyn (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2011-04)
      Although shared piped water supply systems are an increasingly popular way of providing “improved water sources” in developing countries, little rigorous evidence exists on the benefits of such systems. To fill this gap, ...
    • Community-based Conservation and Leadership: Frameworks for Analyzing the Equator Initiative 

      Timmer, Vanessa (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2004-11)
      Reconciling human development requirements with the need to sustain healthy ecosystems is a challenge that has spurred debate across scales from local community management organizations to global decisionmaking bodies. ...
    • A Comparison of Product Price Targeting and Other Monetary Anchor Options, for Commodity Exporters in Latin America 

      Frankel, Jeffrey (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2011-11)
      Seven possible nominal variables are considered as candidates to be the anchor or target for monetary policy. The context is countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), which tend to be price takers on world markets, ...
    • Competition and Productivity Growth in South Africa 

      Aghion, Philippe; Braun, Matias; Fedderke, Johannes (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-08)
      Using three different panel data sets, the authors show: (i) that mark-ups are significantly higher in South African manufacturing industries than they are in corresponding industries worldwide; (ii) that competition policy ...
    • Conflicts Over Land and Threats to Customary Tenure in Africa Today 

      Peters, Pauline (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2012-09)
      Issues swirling around land across Africa have never been so central to key social and political-economic dynamics as they are at the present time. The first part of the paper briefly reviews the construction of customary ...