Now showing items 1-20 of 155

    • Advance Market Commitments for Vaccines Against Neglected Diseases: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness 

      Berndt, Ernst R.; Glennerster, Rachel; Kremer, Michael; Jean, Lee; Levine, Ruth; Weizsäcker, Georg; Williams, Heidi (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-07)
      The G8 is considering committing to purchase vaccines against diseases concentrated in low-income countries (if and when desirable vaccines are developed) as a way to spur research and development on vaccines for these ...
    • African Land Ecology: Opportunities and Constraints for Agricultural Development 

      Voortman, R.L.; Sonneveld, B.G.J.S.; Keyzer, M.A. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-01)
      Current agriculture in Sub-Sahara Africa is undeveloped and the Green Revolution has left the continent largely untouched. Poor performance is often related to a number of socio-economic factors. In this paper we argue ...
    • Africa’s Growth Trap: A Political-Economy Model of Taxation, R&D and Investment 

      McMillan, Margaret S.; Masters, William A. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-06)
      Why do so many African governments consistently impose high tax rates and make little investment in productive public goods, when alternative policies could yield greater tax revenues and higher national income? We posit ...
    • Are Greener National Accounts Better? 

      Vincent, Jeffrey R. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2001-02)
      “Green accounting” refers to the incorporation of changes in wealth, in particular natural resource wealth, into a country’s national accounts. Despite a large body of theoretical work and considerable promotional efforts ...
    • The Augmented Solow Model and the African Growth Debate 

      Hoeffler, Anke E. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-01)
      Using panel data the question whether Africa's growth performance can be accounted for is analyzed in the framework of the augmented Solow model. Our results indicate that this model can account for Africa's low growth ...
    • A Balance-Sheet Approach to Fiscal Sustainability 

      Levy-Yeyati, Eduardo; Sturzenegger, Federico (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2007-10)
      Recent empirical research on emerging markets debt, currency crises and fiscal sustainability has placed a significant focus on the role of currency mismatches with the emphasis placed on the currency composition of explicit ...
    • The Big Players in the Foreign Exchange Market: Do They Trade on Information or Noise? 

      Wei, Shang-Jin; Kim, Jungshik (1999-03)
      This paper studies whether there exists private information in the foreign exchange market, and whether speculation reduces or exacerbates volatility. It makes use of a recent data set on foreign currency positions by large ...
    • Border, Border, Wide and Far, How We Wonder What You Are 

      Parsley, David C.; Wei, Shang-Jin (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 1999-09)
      This paper exploits a three-dimensional panel data set of prices on 27 traded goods, over 88 quarters, across 96 cities in the U.S. and Japan. We present evidence that the distribution of intranational real exchange rates ...
    • Can Entrepreneurial Activity be Taught? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Central America 

      Klinger, Bailey; Schündeln, Matthias (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2007-12)
      We study the effect of entrepreneurial training on enterprise outcomes, in particular whether business training for (potential) entrepreneurs of small- and medium scale enterprises can lead to an increase in the number of ...
    • Challenges in Land Tenure and Land Reform in Africa: An Anthropological Perspective 

      Peters, Pauline E. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2007-03)
      The paper discusses the interface of anthropological research on land with policy positions across formative periods - from the colonial period through to the present as land tenure reform has repeatedly become a development ...
    • The Changing Global Distribution of Malaria: A Review 

      Hamoudi, Amar; Sachs, Jeffrey D. (1999-03)
    • Characteristics and Behavior of African Commodity/Product Markets and Market Institutions and Their Consequences for Economic Growth 

      Jerome, Afeikhena; Ogunkola, Olawale (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-01)
      This study examines the characteristics and behaviour of key commodity/product markets and market institutions in Africa and their consequences for economic growth. Their contribution to economic growth appears to have ...
    • Characteristics and Behavior of African Factor Markets and Market Institutions and Their Consequences for Economic Growth 

      Adenikinju, Adeola F.; Oyeranti, Olugboyega (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 1999-12)
      This paper provides a detailed characterisation of the structure and behaviour of African factor markets and the institutions that impact on their operations. It shows that the African factor markets are imperfect and ...
    • China and the Global Economy: Medium-term Issues and Options - A Synthesis Report 

      Lim, Edwin; Spence, Michael; Hausmann, Ricardo (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-06)
      China’s economic and social achievements since the beginning of reform and opening are unprecedented in global history. Managing the growth process in this continuously changing environment has required great skill and the ...
    • Climate and Scale in Economic Growth 

      Masters, William A.; McMillan, Margaret S. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2000-06)
      This paper introduces new data on climatic conditions to empirical tests of growth theories. We find that, since 1960, temperate countries have converged towards high levels of income while tropical nations have converged ...
    • Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development 

      Mellinger, Andrew D.; Sachs, Jeffrey D.; Gallup, John L. (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 1999-09)
      Geographic information systems (GIS) data was used on a global scale to examine the relationship between climate (ecozones), water navigability, and economic development in terms of GDP per capita. GDP per capita and the ...
    • Competition and Productivity Growth in South Africa 

      Aghion, Philippe; Braun, Matias; Fedderke, Johannes (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-08)
      Using three different panel data sets, the authors show: (i) that mark-ups are significantly higher in South African manufacturing industries than they are in corresponding industries worldwide; (ii) that competition policy ...
    • Contractionary Currency Crashes In Developing Countries 

      Frankel, Jeffrey (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2005-02)
      To update a famous old statistic: a political leader in a developing country is twice as likely to lose office in the 6 months following a currency crash as otherwise. This difference, which is highly significant statistically, ...
    • Corruption and Composition of Foreign Direct Investment: Firm-Level Evidence 

      Smarzynska, Beata K.; Wei, Shang-Jin (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2001-02)
      This paper studies the impact of corruption in a host country on foreign investor’s preference for a joint venture versus a wholly-owned subsidiary. There is a basic tradeoff in using local partners. On the one hand, ...
    • Crime, Justice, and Growth in South Africa: Toward a Plausible Contribution from Criminal Justice to Economic Growth 

      Stone, Christopher (Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2006-08)
      Crime in South Africa is high and widely believed to restrain investment. Nevertheless, both the mechanisms through which crime constrains growth and the actions that might be taken to loosen its grip are poorly understood. ...