Convolutional Neural Networks for the Automated Segmentation and Recurrence Risk Prediction of Surgically Resected Lung Tumors
Basta, Marguerite B.
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CitationBasta, Marguerite B. 2020. Convolutional Neural Networks for the Automated Segmentation and Recurrence Risk Prediction of Surgically Resected Lung Tumors. Bachelor's thesis, Harvard College.
AbstractLung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related mortality by a significant margin. While new technologies, such as image segmentation, have been paramount to improved detection and earlier diagnoses, there are still significant challenges in treating the disease. In particular, despite an increased number of curative resections, many postoperative patients still develop recurrent lesions. Consequently, there is a significant need for prognostic tools that can more accurately predict a patient's risk for recurrence.
In this thesis, we explore the use of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for the segmentation and recurrence risk prediction of lung tumors that are present in preoperative computed tomography (CT) images. First, expanding upon recent progress in medical image segmentation, a residual U-Net is used to localize and geometrically characterize each nodule. Then, the identified tumors are passed to a second CNN for recurrence risk prediction. The system's final results are produced with a random forest classifier that synthesizes the predictions of the second network with clinical and geometric attributes. Our proposed framework demonstrates that first, automated nodule segmentation methods can generalize to enable pipelines for a wide range of multitask systems and second, that deep learning and image processing have the potential to improve current prognostic tools. To the best of our knowledge, our proposed framework is the first fully automated segmentation and recurrence risk prediction system to be implemented.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37364751
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