Fractionalization, Emergent Gauge Dynamics, and Topology in Quantum Matter
CitationLee, Jong Yeon. 2020. Fractionalization, Emergent Gauge Dynamics, and Topology in Quantum Matter. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractQuantum phenomena at macroscopic scales are fascinating, given that quantum mechanical effects usually manifest only at atomic scales due to their fragile nature. Enriched with symmetry, topology, and entanglement, quantum matters exhibit exotic emergent properties that defy our classical intuitions. This dissertation is devoted to the study of quantum matters, consisting of three distinct topics. The first part studies quantum phases of matter and their phase transitions, with an emphasis on the role of symmetry and their exotic natures. Employing both analytical and numerical methods, we study the deconfinement physics in quantum Hall systems and quantum magnets. The second part focuses on the physics of Moir\'e systems in two-dimensional materials that exhibit interesting single-particle as well as correlated many-body physics. Using a continuum model description, we illuminate several recent experimental findings in twisted double bilayer graphenes. The last part touches on a more unconventional topic, non-Hermitian systems. We provide mathematical foundations to classify their topological structure as well as the potential connection to anomalous or driven systems.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37365919
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