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dc.contributor.authorBeaman, Lori
dc.contributor.authorChattopadhyay, Raghabendra
dc.contributor.authorDuflo, Esther
dc.contributor.authorPande, Rohini
dc.contributor.authorTopalova, Petia
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-12T13:31:46Z
dc.date.issued2008-07
dc.identifier.citationBeaman, Lori, Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo, Rohini Pande and Petia Topalova. “Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?” CID Working Paper Series 2008.175, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, July 2008.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37366185*
dc.description.abstractWe exploit random assignment of gender quotas across Indian village councils to investigate whether having a female chief councillor affects public opinion towards female leaders. Villagers who have never been required to have a female leader prefer male leaders and perceive hypothetical female leaders as less effective than their male counterparts, when stated performance is identical. Exposure to a female leader does not alter villagers' taste preference for male leaders. However, it weakens stereotypes about gender roles in the public and domestic spheres and eliminates the negative bias in how female leaders' effectiveness is perceived among male villagers. Female villagers exhibit less prior bias, but are also less likely to know about or participate in local politics; as a result, their attitudes are largely unaffected. Consistent with our experimental findings, villagers rate their women leaders as less effective when exposed to them for the first, but not second, time. These changes in attitude are electorally meaningful: after 10 years of the quota policy, women are more likely to stand for and win free seats in villages that have been continuously required to have a female chief councillor.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherCenter for International Development at Harvard Universityen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/cid/publicationsen_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titlePowerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?en_US
dc.typeResearch Paper or Reporten_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalCID Working Paper Seriesen_US
dc.date.available2020-11-12T13:31:46Z
dash.contributor.affiliatedDuflo, Esther
dash.contributor.affiliatedTopalova, Petia
dash.contributor.affiliatedPande, Rohini


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