Social Inclusion or Poverty Alleviation? Lessons from Recent Brazilian Experiences
de Castro, Vanessa Maria
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Citationde Castro, Vanessa Maria, and Marcel Bursztyn. “Social Inclusion or Poverty Alleviation? Lessons from Recent Brazilian Experiences.” CID Graduate Student and Research Fellow Working Paper Series 2008.27, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, December 2008.
AbstractThis article analyses Bolsa-Escola, a Brazilian educational program that seeks to guarantee the basic right of education to children living in poverty. Bolsa-Escola was originally established in 1995, in the national capital, Brasilia. The local government made monthly payments in cash to each family living in poverty, with the condition that all school-age children -- from 7 to 14 years old -- be kept in school. The program was later established at the federal level of government, in 1997, and gained a fully national coverage in 2001. Many changes occurred since the original program started in Brasilia and more recently its name changed to Bolsa-Familia. However, Bolsa-Escola and Bolsa-Familia are distinct social public policies. This article examines the differences and similarities between them. One conclusion is that poverty alleviation programs such as those analyzed in this article are vulnerable to clientelistic misuse.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37366518