Globalization and Protectionism: AMLO's 2006 Presidential Run
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CitationBustos, Sebastián, and José Morales. “Globalization and Protectionism: AMLO's 2006 Presidential Run.” CID Research Fellow and Graduate Student Working Paper Series 2019.111, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, February 2019.
AbstractWe study the effects of local tariff drops for Mexican exports to the US on the local electoral performance of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) in Mexico’s 2006 presidential election. In an effort to appeal to his rural base, AMLO proposed to unilaterally retain tariff exemptions on imported corn and beans, which were scheduled to drop under NAFTA by the end of 2008. This elevated protectionism in the public agenda during the campaign. We find that local economic gains due to export tariff drops under NAFTA between 1994 and 2001 led to a drop in AMLO’s local vote share gains in 2006. These effects are contingent to the 2006 election, as similar effects on local vote for the left are not found in previous or later elections. Results are robust to controls for local grain growing and Chinese competition. We predict that AMLO would have been elected in 2006 had protectionism not been a salient electoral issue. Our findings suggest export access gains due to globalization undermine local political preferences over national protectionist platforms.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37366835