Anti-S1P Antibody as a Novel Therapeutic Strategy for VEGFR TKI-Resistant Renal Cancer
Atkins, M. B.
Sabbadini, R. A.
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CitationZhang, Liang, Xiaoen Wang, Andrea J. Bullock, Marcella Callea, Harleen Shah, Jiaxi Song, Kelli Moreno, et al. “Anti-S1P Antibody as a Novel Therapeutic Strategy for VEGFR TKI-Resistant Renal Cancer.” Clinical Cancer Research 21, no. 8 (April 15, 2015): 1925–34. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-2031.
VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibition (TKI) is a valuable treatment approach for patients with metastatic RCC. However, resistance to treatment is inevitable. Identification of novel targets could lead to better treatment for both patients with TKI naïve or resistant RCC.
In this study, we performed transcriptome analysis of VEGFR TKI resistant tumors in a murine model and discovered that the SPHK/S1P pathway is upregulated at the time of resistance. We tested S1P pathway inhibition using an anti-S1P mAb (sphingomab), in two mouse xenograft models of RCC, and assessed tumor SPHK expression and S1P plasma levels in patients with metastatic RCC.
Resistant tumors expressed several hypoxia regulated genes. The SPHK1 pathway was among the most highly upregulated pathways that accompanied resistance to VEGFR TKI therapy. SPHK1 was expressed in human RCC, and the product of SPHK1 activity, S1P, was elevated in patients with metastatic RCC suggesting that human RCC behavior could, in part, be due to over-production of S1P. Sphingomab neutralization of extracellular S1P slowed tumor growth in both mouse models. Mice bearing tumors that had developed resistance to sunitinib treatment also exhibited tumor growth suppression with sphingomab. Sphingomab treatment led to a reduction in tumor blood flow as measured by MRI.
Our findings suggest that S1P inhibition may be a novel therapeutic strategy in patients with treatment naïve RCC and also in the setting of resistance to VEGFR TKI therapy.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37369211
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