Functional screening identifies miR-315 as a potent activator of Wingless signaling
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Silver, S. J.
Hagen, J. W.
Lai, E. C.
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CitationSilver, S. J., J. W. Hagen, K. Okamura, Norbert Perrimon, E. C. Lai. "Functional screening identifies miR-315 as a potent activator of Wingless signaling." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104, no. 46 (2007): 18151-18156. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0706673104
AbstractThe existence of vast regulatory networks mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) suggests broad potential for miRNA dysfunction to contrib- ute to disease. However, relatively few miRNA–target interactions are likely to make detectable contributions to phenotype, and effective strategies to identify these few interactions are currently wanting. We hypothesized that signaling cascades represent critical points of susceptibility to miRNA dysfunction, and we developed a strategy to test this theory by using quantitative cell-based screens. Here we report a screen for miRNAs that affect the Wingless (Wg) pathway, a conserved pathway that regulates growth and tissue specification. This process identified ectopic miR-315 as a potent and specific activator of Wg signaling, an activity that we corroborated in trans- genic animals. This miR-315 activity was mediated by direct inhibition of Axin and Notum, which encode essential, negatively acting com- ponents of the Wg pathway. Genetic interaction tests substantiated both of these genes as key functional targets of miR-315. The ability of ectopic miR-315 to activate Wg signaling was not a trivial conse- quence of predicted miRNA–target relationships because other miRNAs with conserved sites in the Axin 3' UTR neither activated Wg outputs nor inhibited an Axin sensor. In summary, activity-based screening can selectively identify miRNAs whose deregulation can lead to interpretable phenotypic consequences.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37370314
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