Zinc-induced Alzheimer's Aβ1–40 Aggregation Is Mediated by Conformational Factors
Atwood, Craig S.
Hartshorn, Mariana A.
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CitationHuang X, Atwood CS, Moir RD, Hartshorn MA, Vonsattel JP, Tanzi RE, Bush AI. Zinc-induced Alzheimer's Abeta1-40 aggregation is mediated by conformational factors. J Biol Chem. 1997 Oct 17; 272(42):26464-70.
AbstractThe heterogeneous precipitates of Aβ that accumulate in the brain cortex in Alzheimer's disease possess varying degrees of resistance to resolubilization. We previously found that Aβ1–40 is rapidly precipitated in vitro by physiological concentrations of zinc, a neurochemical that is highly abundant in brain compartments where Aβ is most likely to precipitate. We now present evidence that the zinc-induced precipitation of Aβ is mediated by a peptide dimer and favored by conditions that promote α-helical and diminish β-sheet conformations. The manner in which the synthetic peptide is solubilized was critical to its behaviorin vitro. Zinc-induced Aβ aggregation was dependent upon the presence of NaCl, was enhanced by α-helical-promoting solvents, but was abolished when the peptide stock solution was stored frozen. The Aβ aggregates induced by zinc were reversible by chelation, but could then be reprecipitated by zinc for several cycles, indicating that the peptide's conformation is probably preserved in the zinc-mediated assembly. In contrast, Aβ aggregates induced by low pH (5.5) were not resolubilized by returning the pH milieu to 7.4. The zinc-Aβ interaction exhibits features resembling the gelation process of zinc-mediated fibrin assembly, suggesting that, in events such as clot formation or injury, reversible Aβ assembly could be physiologically purposive. Such a mechanism is contemplated in the early evolution of diffuse plaques in Alzheimer's disease and suggests a possible therapeutic strategy for the resolubilization of some forms of Aβ deposit in the disease.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37370388
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