New avenues in circuit QED: from quantum information to quantum sensing
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Boettcher, Charlotte Lang
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CitationBoettcher, Charlotte Lang. 2022. New avenues in circuit QED: from quantum information to quantum sensing. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
AbstractOne of the key elements in circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) is the superconducting microwave
resonator, which can enable strong coupling to and between nanoscale quantum systems, and as a result has emerged as an essential tool for both quantum information and quantum sensing. In this thesis, I will discuss new applications of superconducting resonators in both of these fields, which illustrates how quantum information and quantum sensing can be strongly tied together.
As the field of quantum information continues to grow, various platforms for realizing a quantum
computer have been proposed. One attractive platform is to control and manipulate the spin of an electron to form spin qubits, which have demonstrated a long coherence time, weak coupling to the environment, and high fidelity single- and two-qubit gates. However, scaling beyond two qubits has proven challenging, as has incorporating long-range coupling, although both are crucial for making spin qubits a scalable quantum computing platform.
The confinement of electromagnetic fields in superconducting resonators enables strong coupling to small systems, such as the single electrons of a spin qubit. In the first part of this thesis, I will describe how a singlet-triplet spin qubit coupled to a high-impedance superconducting resonator constitutes a promising architecture for mediating long-ranged interactions based on a longitudinal coupling between the resonator and qubit. I will discuss the technical developments needed to successfully implement this novel type of interaction in a hybrid spin qubit-resonator device. This type of interaction has several advantages over the more commonly studied transverse coupling scheme: it does not require careful tuning of the qubit frequency to match that of the resonator, which facilitates scaling to a large number of qubits, and also avoids the loss of coherence, which is inevitable in resonant coupling. This type of interaction therefore opens promising paths for generating high-fidelity long-ranged two-qubit coupling by employing superconducting microwave resonators.
By adapting techniques used in quantum information, we have also developed a new technique in quantum sensing, where we employ superconducting resonators as a probe of quantum materials such as mesoscopic systems, two-dimensional materials, and heterostructures, which are otherwise challenging to experimentally access with conventional techniques. In the second part of my thesis, I will discuss how implementing cQED techniques from quantum information allows us to probe the symmetry of the order parameter in unconventional superconductors. Unconventional superconductors are not readily available, and we therefore study an engineered system that comprises of interfacing a ferromagnet and superconductor, in which unconventional pairing can be induced into the ferromagnet. This platform allows us to simultaneously excite spin waves, a collective excitation of spins, in the ferromagnet, which opens new directions for studying interactions between coherently coupled magnons (quanta of spin waves) and unconventional superconducting states. Finally, by applying the same technique to a two-dimensional (2D) superconductor, tungsten ditelluride, we leverage this platform in an attempt to study the order parameter of its intrinsic superconducting phase.
The nature of the order parameter in this material remains an open question, as both topological and superconducting phases can exist, possibly simultaneously. This work thus demonstrates a unique use of superconducting resonators beyond quantum information applications.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37372164
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