Respiratory Management During Therapeutic Hypothermia for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy
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CitationSzakmar, Eniko, Agnes Jermendy, and Mohamed El-Dib. Respiratory Management during Therapeutic Hypothermia for Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy. 2019. Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association 39, no. 6: 763-73.
AbstractTherapeutic hypothermia (TH) has become the standard of care treatment to improve morbidity and mortality in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Although TH has clearly proven to be beneficial, recent studies suggest optimization of respiratory management as an approach to prevent further damage and improve neurodevelopmental outcome. The ventilatory management of asphyxiated neonates presents a challenge because both the hypoxic insult and TH have an impact on respiratory functions. Although the danger of recurrence of hypocapnia is well recognized, a brief period of severe hyperoxia also can be detrimental to the previously compromised brain and have been shown to increase the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Therefore, judicious ventilatory management with rigorous monitoring is of particular importance in patients with HIE. In the present review, we provide an overview of the currently available evidence on pulmonary function, respiratory morbidities and ventilation strategies in HIE and we highlight possible future research directions.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37372885
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