Microbiota-Targeted Maternal Antibodies Protect Neonates From Enteric Infection
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CitationZheng, Wen, Wenjing Zhao, Meng Wu, Xinyang Song, Florence Caro, Ximei Sun, Francesca Gazzaniga et al. "Microbiota-Targeted Maternal Antibodies Protect Neonates From Enteric Infection." Nature (London) 577, no. 7791 (2020): 543-548. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1898-4
AbstractAlthough maternal antibodies protect newborns from infection, little is known about how protective antibodies are induced without prior pathogen exposure. Here we show that neonatal mice lacking the capacity to produce IgG are protected by maternal natural IgG antibodies to the enteric pathogen enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) when antibodies are delivered either trans-placentally or through milk. By challenging pups fostered on either maternal antibody¬–sufficient or –deficient dams, we found that milk-derived IgG was critical for protection against ETEC-induced disease. Pups utilize the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) to transfer IgG from milk into serum, and this IgG provides protection against systemic and mucosal E. coli infection. The maternal commensal microbiota can induce antibodies that recognize antigens expressed by ETEC and other Enterobacteriaceae species. Induction of maternal antibodies against a commensal Pantoea species confers ETEC protection in pups. The surprising role of the microbiota in eliciting protective antibodies to a specific neonatal pathogen represents an important host defense mechanism against neonatal infection.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37372899
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