Lipid Availability Determines Skeletal Progenitor Cell Fate via SOX9
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Daniëls, Veerle W.
Van Looveren, Riet
Swinnen, Johan V.
Van Oosterwyck, Hans
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CitationVan Gastel, Nick, Stegen, Steve, Eelen, Guy, Schoors, Sandra, Carlier, Aurélie, Daniëls, Veerle W, Baryawno, Ninib, Przybylski, Dariusz, Depypere, Maarten, Stiers, Pieter-Jan, Lambrechts, Dennis, Van Looveren, Riet, Torrekens, Sophie, Sharda, Azeem, Agostinis, Patrizia, Lambrechts, Diether, Maes, Frederik, Swinnen, Johan V, Geris, Liesbet, Van Oosterwyck, Hans, Thienpont, Bernard, Carmeliet, Peter, Scadden, David T, and Carmeliet, Geert. "Lipid Availability Determines Skeletal Progenitor Cell Fate via SOX9." Nature (London) 579, no. 7797 (2020): 111-17.
AbstractThe avascular nature of cartilage makes it a unique tissue, but whether and how the absence of nutrient supply regulates chondrogenesis remains unknown. Here, we show that obstruction of vascular invasion during bone healing favours chondrogenic over osteogenic differentiation of skeletal progenitor cells. Unexpectedly, this process is driven by a decreased availability of extracellular lipids. When lipids are scarce, skeletal progenitors activate FoxO transcription factors, which bind to the Sox9 promoter and increase its expression. Besides initiating chondrogenesis, SOX9 acts as a regulator of cellular metabolism by suppressing fatty acid oxidation, and thus adapts the cells to an avascular life. Our results define lipid scarcity as an important determinant of chondrogenic commitment, reveal a role for FoxOs during lipid starvation, and identify SOX9 as a critical metabolic mediator. These data highlight the importance of the nutritional microenvironment in the specification of skeletal cell fate.
Citable link to this pagehttps://nrs.harvard.edu/URN-3:HUL.INSTREPOS:37374197
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