Interactive Effects of Apolipoprotein E4 and Diabetes Risk on Later Myelinating White Matter Regions in Neurologically Healthy Older Aged Adults
Foley, Jessica M.
Stricker, Nikki H.
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CitationFoley, Jessica M., David H. Salat, Nikki H. Stricker, Tyler A. Zink, Laura J. Grande, Regina E. McGlinchey, William P. Milberg, and Elizabeth C. Leritz. 2013. “Interactive Effects of Apolipoprotein E4 and Diabetes Risk on Later Myelinating White Matter Regions in Neurologically Healthy Older Aged Adults.” American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementiasr 29 (3): 222–35. https://doi.org/10.1177/1533317513517045.
AbstractPossession of the apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) allele and diabetes risk are independently related to reduced white matter (WM) integrity that may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study is to examine the interactive effects of APOE4 and diabetes risk on later myelinating WM regions among healthy elderly individuals at risk of AD. A sample of 107 healthy elderly (80 APOE4-/27 APOE4+) individuals underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging/diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Data were prepared using Tract-Based Spatial Statistics, and a priori regions of interest (ROIs) were extracted from T1-based WM parcellations. Regions of interest included later myelinating frontal/temporal/parietal WM regions and control regions measured by fractional anisotropy (FA). There were no APOE group differences in DTI for any ROI. Within the APOE4 group, we found negative relationships between hemoglobin A(1c)/fasting glucose and APOE4 on FA for all later myelinating WM regions but not for early/middle myelinating control regions. Results also showed APOE4/diabetes risk interactions for WM underlying supramarginal, superior temporal, precuneus, superior parietal, and superior frontal regions. Results suggest interactive effects of APOE4 and diabetes risk on later myelinating WM regions, which supports preclinical detection of AD among this particularly susceptible subgroup.
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