Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: Back and Forward in Time Over the Last 25 Years
CitationQuan S. "Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: Back and Forward in Time over the Last 25 Years." Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care 5 (2012): 206-17.
AbstractOver the past 25 years, there have been significant advances made in understanding the pathophysiology and cardiovascular consequences of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Substantial evidence now implicates OSA as an independent risk factor for the development of hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure and stroke, as well as increased risk of death. Pathophysiologic mechanisms include release of inflammatory mediators, oxidative stress, metabolic dysfunction, hypercoagulability and endothelial dysfunction. Although non-randomized intervention studies suggest that treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure may mitigate its impact of the development of cardiovascular disease, randomized clinical trials are lacking.
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