Broadband electro-optic frequency comb generation in a lithium niobate microring resonator
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CitationZhang, Mian, Brandon Buscaino, Cheng Wang, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Christian Reimer, Rongrong Zhu, Joseph Kahn, and Marko Loncar. 2018. "Broadband Electro-optic Frequency Comb Generation in an Integrated Microring Resonator." Nature, 11 March 2019.
AbstractOptical frequency combs consist of equally spaced discrete optical frequency components and are essential tools for optical communication, precision metrology, timing and spectroscopy1–9. To date, wide-spanning combs are most often generated by mode-locked lasers10 or dispersion-engineered resonators with third-order Kerr nonlinearity11. An alternative comb generation method uses electro-optic (EO) phase modulation in a resonator with strong second-order nonlinearity, resulting in combs with excellent stability and controllability12–14. Previous EO combs, however, have been limited to narrow widths by a weak EO interaction strength and a lack of dispersion engineering in free-space systems. In this work, we overcome these limitations by realizing an integrated EO comb generator in a thin-film lithium niobate (LN) photonic platform that features a large EO response, ultra-low optical loss and highly co-localized microwave and optical fields15, while enabling dispersion engineering. Our measured EO frequency comb spans more than the entire telecommunications L-band (over 900 comb lines spaced at ~ 10 GHz), and we show that future dispersion engineering can enable octave-spanning combs. Furthermore, we demonstrate the high tolerance of our comb generator to modulation frequency detuning, with frequency spacing finely controllable over seven orders of magnitude (10 Hz to 100 MHz), and utilize this feature to generate dual frequency combs in a single resonator. Our results show that integrated EO comb generators, capable of generating wide and stable comb spectra, are a powerful complement to integrated Kerr combs, enabling applications ranging from spectroscopy16 to optical communications8.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:39148386
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