Quantum Dynamics of Strongly Interacting Many-Body Systems
AbstractRecent advances in coherent manipulation and control have led to new opportunities to study non-equilibrium dynamics in quantum many-body systems. Using a variety of experimental platforms ranging from cold atoms and ions to solid-state spin defects, small building blocks of fully controllable quantum systems can be assembled into a strongly interacting many-body system. With this approach, one can gain new insights into fundamental questions in basic science such as the mechanism of quantum thermalization or the existence of exotic phases of matter out of equilibrium. At the same time, a fully controllable large-scale quantum device has promising applications for high precision sensing, secure communication, and quantum information processing.
This thesis describes recent progress in engineering quantum dynamics that is robust against various imperfections such as environmental noise, disorder, or imprecise controls. We find that non-equilibrium quantum states of strongly interacting systems can be protected from imperfections upon appropriate external manipulations such as time-dependent periodic controls, engineered coherent or dissipative interactions, or an introduction of strong quenched disorder. Furthermore, under certain conditions, these imperfections can be utilized to stabilize non-trivial quantum states. Our results challenge conventional wisdom of statistical mechanics, shedding light on the microscopic mechanisms of thermalization.
We also discuss how engineered dynamics can be harnessed for applications such as quantum metrology, simulations, or information processing.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:40050142
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