Neural Encoding and Production of Functional Morphemes in the Posterior Temporal Lobe
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLee, Daniel. 2019. Neural Encoding and Production of Functional Morphemes in the Posterior Temporal Lobe. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard Medical School.
AbstractMorphemes are the smallest meaning-carrying units in human language, and are among the most basic building blocks through which humans express specific ideas and concepts. By using time-resolved cortical stimulations, neural recordings and focal lesion evaluations, we show that inhibition of a small cortical area within the left dominant posterior-superior temporal lobe selectively impairs the ability to produce appropriate functional morphemes but does not distinctly affect semantic and lexical retrieval, comprehension, or articulation. Additionally, neural recordings within this area reveal the localized encoding of morphological properties and their planned production prior to speech onset. Finally, small lesions localized to the gray matter in this area result in a selective functional morpheme production deficit. Collectively, these findings reveal a detailed division of linguistic labor within the posterior- superior temporal lobe and suggest that functional morpheme processing constitutes an operationally discrete step in the series of computations essential to language production.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:40620140