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dc.contributor.advisorMansfield, Harvey C.
dc.contributor.authorFriedman, Rachel Zabarkes
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-09T08:32:31Z
dash.embargo.terms2022-05-01
dc.date.created2017-05
dc.date.issued2017-04-14
dc.date.submitted2017
dc.identifier.citationFriedman, Rachel Zabarkes. 2017. Probability, Distributive Justice, and the Promise of Social Insurance. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41140203*
dc.description.abstractSocial insurance is the defining policy tool of the modern welfare state, but political theorists have not paid sustained attention to its development or basic character. This dissertation traces the history of social insurance and argues that it is best understood as an evolving distributive regime. Beginning with the origins of mathematical probability theory, I identify a novel account of distributive justice that guided early thinking about life insurance and went on to inspire the first social insurance proposals in 18th-century England and France. I then explain how changes in the understanding of probability encouraged a more collective account of risk and thereby helped support the welfare programs enacted in Western Europe toward the end of the 19th century. Finally, I show how 20th-century social and economic thought undermined the collectivist account of risk from opposing perspectives, and in so doing called the benefits of social insurance into question in ways that have reverberated in both political theory and practice since. Ultimately, my account shows that the prominence and longevity of the insurance principle in modern liberal politics have stemmed from its ability to appeal to competing distributive claims, an appeal that reflects the dualistic character of mathematical probability itself. This fact is both a source of internal tension and a virtue when understood in the proper perspective.
dc.description.sponsorshipGovernment
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectsocial insurance
dc.subjectwelfare state
dc.subjectdistributive justice
dc.subjectprobability theory
dc.titleProbability, Distributive Justice, and the Promise of Social Insurance
dc.typeThesis or Dissertation
dash.depositing.authorFriedman, Rachel Zabarkes
dash.embargo.until2022-05-01
dc.date.available2019-08-09T08:32:31Z
thesis.degree.date2017
thesis.degree.grantorGraduate School of Arts & Sciences
thesis.degree.grantorGraduate School of Arts & Sciences
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
dc.contributor.committeeMemberTuck, Richard
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSandel, Michael J.
dc.type.materialtext
thesis.degree.departmentGovernment
thesis.degree.departmentGovernment
dash.identifier.vireo
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0003-1595-3042
dash.author.emailrachelzfriedman@gmail.com


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