Fibrosis-Related Biomarkers and Large and Small Vessel Disease: The Cardiovascular Health Study
Rimm, Eric Bruce::0ab2926c8242f35e5a982e3cf59f4987::600
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CitationAgarwal, Isha, Alice Arnold, Nicole L. Glazer, Eddy Barasch, Luc Djousse, Annette L. Fitzpatrick, John S. Gottdiener, et al. 2015. “Fibrosis-Related Biomarkers and Large and Small Vessel Disease: The Cardiovascular Health Study.” Atherosclerosis 239 (2): 539–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.02.020.
AbstractObjective: Fibrosis has been implicated in a number of pathological, organ-based conditions of the liver, kidney, heart, and lungs. The objective of this study was to determine whether biomarkers of fibrosis are associated with vascular disease in the large and/or small vessels. Methods: We evaluated the associations of two circulating biomarkers of fibrosis, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and procollagen type III N-terminal propeptide (PIIINP), with incident peripheral artery disease (PAD) and subclinical macrovascular (carotid intima-media thickness, flow-mediated vasodilation, ankle-brachial index, retinal vein diameter), and microvascular (retinal artery diameter and retinopathy) disease among older adults in the Cardiovascular Health Study. We measured TGF-beta and PIIINP from samples collected in 1996 and ascertained clinical PAD through 2011. Measurements of large and small vessels were collected between 1996 and 1998. Results: After adjustment for sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical risk factors, TGF-beta was associated with incident PAD (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.36 per doubling of TGF-beta, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04, 1.78) and retinal venular diameter (1.63 mu m per doubling of TGF-beta, CI = 0.23, 3.02). PIIINP was not associated with incident PAD, but was associated with carotid intima-media thickness (0.102 mm per doubling of PIIINP, CI = 0.029, 0.174) and impaired brachial artery reactivity (-0.20% change per doubling of PIIINP, CI = -0.39, -0.02). Neither TGF-beta nor PIIINP were associated with retinal arteriolar diameter or retinopathy. Conclusions: Serum concentrations of fibrosis-related biomarkers were associated with several measures of large vessel disease, including incident PAD, but not with small vessel disease. Fibrosis may contribute to large vessel atherosclerosis in older adults.
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