Fish consumption and risk of major chronic disease in men
Virtanen, Jyrki K.
Chiuve, Stephanie E.
Rimm, Eric Bruce::0ab2926c8242f35e5a982e3cf59f4987::600
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CitationVirtanen, Jyrki K, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stephanie E Chiuve, and Eric B Rimm. 2008. “Fish Consumption and Risk of Major Chronic Disease in Men.” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 88 (6): 1618–25. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2007.25816.
AbstractBackground: Although fish consumption may reduce specific disease endpoints, such as sudden cardiac death and prostate cancer, the effects of major chronic disease on total burden, reflecting sums of effects on a variety of endpoints and risk pathways, are not well established. Higher n - 6 fatty acid consumption has also been hypothesized to reduce the health benefits of n - 3 fatty acids in fish. Objective: The aim was to study the associations of fish and n - 3 fatty acid consumption with risk of total major chronic disease (cardiovascular disease, cancer, and death) and to determine whether a high n - 6 intake modifies the associations. Design: Lifestyle and other risk factors were assessed every 2 y and diet every 4 y in 40,230 US male health professionals aged 40 - 75 y and free of major chronic disease at baseline in 1986. During 18 y of follow-up, 9715 major chronic disease events occurred, including 3639 cardiovascular disease events, 4690 cancers, and 1386 deaths from other causes. Results: After multivariable adjustment, neither fish nor dietary n - 3 fatty acid consumption was significantly associated with risk of total major chronic disease. Compared with fish consumption of < 1 serving/mo, consumption of 1 serving/wk and of 2 - 4 servings/wk was associated with a lower risk of total cardiovascular disease of approximate to 15%. No significant associations were seen with cancer risk. Higher or lower n - 6 fatty acid intake did not significantly modify the results (P for interaction > 0.10). Conclusions: Modest fish consumption was associated with a lower risk of total cardiovascular disease, consistent with cardiac mortality benefits but not with total cancer or overall major chronic disease; n - 6 fatty acid consumption did not influence these relations. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88: 1618-25.
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