Few changes in food security and dietary intake from short-term participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program among low-income Massachusetts adults
Leung, Cindy W.
Catalano, Paul J.
Willett, Walter C.::94559ea206eef8a8844fc5b80654fa5b::600
Rimm, Eric Bruce::0ab2926c8242f35e5a982e3cf59f4987::600
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CitationLeung, Cindy W., Sarah Cluggish, Eduardo Villamor, Paul J. Catalano, Walter C. Willett, and Eric B. Rimm. 2014. “Few Changes in Food Security and Dietary Intake From Short-Term Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Among Low-Income Massachusetts Adults.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 46 (1): 68–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2013.10.001.
AbstractObjective: To examine whether short-term participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) affects food security and dietary quality among low-income adults recruited from a Massachusetts-wide emergency food hotline.Methods: A 3-month, longitudinal study was conducted among 107 adults recruited at the time of SNAP application assistance. Outcomes included household food security (10-item US Department of Agriculture Food Security Survey Module), dietary intake (eg, grains, fruit) and diet quality (modified Alternate Healthy Eating Index). Data were analyzed using paired t tests and multivariable linear regression.Results: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation was not associated with improved household food security over 3 months (P=.25). Compared with non-participants, SNAP participants increased refined grain intake by 1.1 serving/d (P=.02), from baseline to follow-up. No associations were observed with other foods, nutrients, or dietary quality.Conclusion and Implications: Policies that simultaneously improve household food security and dietary quality should be implemented to support the health of low-income Americans participating in this crucial program.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41263024
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