Long-term alcohol consumption in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among survivors of myocardial infarction: the Health Professionals Follow-up Study
Rimm, Eric Bruce::0ab2926c8242f35e5a982e3cf59f4987::600
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CitationPai, J. K., K. J. Mukamal, and E. B. Rimm. 2012. “Long-Term Alcohol Consumption in Relation to All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality among Survivors of Myocardial Infarction: The Health Professionals Follow-up Study.” European Heart Journal 33 (13): 1598–1605. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehs047.
AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the association between long-term alcohol consumption, alcohol consumption before and after myocardial infarction (MI), and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among survivors of MI.The Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) is a prospective cohort study of 51 529 US male health professionals. From 1986 to 2006, 1818 men were confirmed with incident non-fatal MI. Among MI survivors, 468 deaths were documented during up to 20 years of follow-up. Long-term average alcohol consumption was calculated beginning from the time period immediately before the first MI and updated every 4 years afterward. Cox proportional hazards were used to estimate the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) and 95 confidence intervals (CI). Compared with non-drinkers, the multivariable-adjusted HRs for all-cause mortality were 0.78 (95 CI: 0.620.97) for 0.19.9 g/day, 0.66 (95 CI: 0.510.86) for 10.029.9 g/day, and 0.87 (95 CI: 0.611.25) for epsilon 30 g/day (P-quadratic 0.006). For cardiovascular mortality, the corresponding HRs were 0.74 (95 CI: 0.541.02), 0.58 (95 CI: 0.390.84), and 0.98 (95 CI: 0.601.60), P-quadratic 0.003. These findings were consistent when restricted to pre- and post-MI alcohol assessments. In subgroup analyses, moderate alcohol consumption was inversely associated with mortality among men with non-anterior infarcts, and among men with mildly diminished left ventricular function.Long-term moderate alcohol consumption is inversely associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among men who survived a first MI. This U-shaped association may be strongest among individuals with less impaired cardiac function after MI and should be examined further.
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