Income Inequality and Mortality: Results From a Longitudinal Study of Older Residents of São Paulo, Brazil
Alexandre D. P. Chiavegatto Filho
Lebrão, Maria Lúcia
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CitationPabayo, Roman, Alexandre D. P. Chiavegatto Filho, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, and Ichiro Kawachi. 2013. “Income Inequality and Mortality: Results From a Longitudinal Study of Older Residents of São Paulo, Brazil.” American Journal of Public Health 103 (9): e43–49. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2013.301496.
AbstractObjectives. We determined whether community-level income inequality was associated with mortality among a cohort of older adults in Sao Paulo, Brazil.Methods. We analyzed the Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE) survey, a sample of community-dwelling older adults in Sao Paulo (2000-2007). We used survival analysis to examine the relationship between income inequality and risk for mortality among older individuals living in 49 districts of Sao Paulo.Results. Compared with individuals living in the most equal districts (lowest Gini quintile), rates of mortality were higher for those living in the second (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 1.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.87, 2.41), third (AHR = 1.96, 95% CI = 1.20, 3.20), fourth (AHR = 1.34, 95% CI = 0.81, 2.20), and fifth quintile (AHR = 1.74, 95% CI = 1.10, 2.74). When we imputed missing data and used poststratification weights, the adjusted hazard ratios for quintiles 2 through 5 were 1.72 (95% CI = 1.13, 2.63), 1.41 (95% CI = 0.99, 2.05), 1.13 (95% = 0.75, 1.70) and 1.30 (95% CI = 0.90, 1.89), respectively.Conclusions. We did not find a dose-response relationship between area-level income inequality and mortality. Our findings could be consistent with either a threshold association of income inequality and mortality or little overall association.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41275524
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