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dc.contributor.authorVenkataramani, Atheendar
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Paula
dc.contributor.authorKawachi, Ichiro
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Alexander
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-29T04:44:58Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationVenkataramani, Atheendar S., Paula Chatterjee, Ichiro Kawachi, and Alexander C. Tsai. 2016. “Economic Opportunity, Health Behaviors, and Mortality in the United States.” American Journal of Public Health 106 (3): 478–84. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2015.302941.
dc.identifier.issn0090-0036
dc.identifier.issn1541-0048
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41275543*
dc.description.abstractObjectives. We assessed whether economic opportunity was independently associated with health behaviors and outcomes in the United States.Methods. Using newly available, cross-sectional, county-level data from the Equality of Opportunity Project Database and vital statistics, we estimated associations between all-cause mortality rates (averaged over 2000-2012) and economic opportunity, adjusting for socioeconomic, demographic, and health system covariates. Our measure of economic opportunity was the county-average rank in the national income distribution attained by individuals born to families in the bottom income quartile. Secondary outcomes included rates of age-and race-specific mortality, smoking, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes.Results. An increase in economic opportunity from the lowest to the highest quintile was associated with a 16.7% decrease in mortality. The magnitudes of association were largest for working-age adults and African Americans. Greater economic opportunity was also associated with health behaviors and risk factors.Conclusions. Economic opportunity is a robust, independent predictor of health. Future work should investigate underlying causal links and mechanisms.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisher
dash.licenseMETA_ONLY
dc.titleEconomic Opportunity, Health Behaviors, and Mortality in the United States
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.description.versionVersion of Record
dc.relation.journalAmerican Journal of Public Health
dash.depositing.authorKawachi, Ichiro::3b17e788dad605ac69e3dd457b6c41ac::600
dc.date.available2019-08-29T04:44:58Z
dash.workflow.comments1Science Serial ID 6144
dc.identifier.doi10.2105/AJPH.2015.302941
dash.source.volume106;3
dash.source.page478


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