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dc.contributor.authorUeshima, Kazumune
dc.contributor.authorFujiwara, Takeo
dc.contributor.authorTakao, Soshi
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, Etsuji
dc.contributor.authorIwase, Toshihide
dc.contributor.authorDoi, Hiroyuki
dc.contributor.authorSubramanian, S. V.
dc.contributor.authorKawachi, Ichiro
dc.contributor.authorRoss, Joseph S.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-30T11:20:18Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationUeshima, Kazumune, Takeo Fujiwara, Soshi Takao, Etsuji Suzuki, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroyuki Doi, S. V. Subramanian, and Ichiro Kawachi. 2010. “Does Social Capital Promote Physical Activity? A Population-Based Study in Japan.” Edited by Joseph S. Ross. PLoS ONE 5 (8): e12135. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0012135.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41288302*
dc.description.abstractBackground: To examine the association between individual-level social capital and physical activity.Methodology/Principal Findings: In February 2009, data were collected in a population-based cross-sectional survey in Okayama city, Japan. A cluster-sampling approach was used to randomly select 4,000 residents from 20 school districts. A total of 2260 questionnaires were returned (response rate: 57.4%). Individual-level social capital was assessed by an item inquiring about perceived trust of others in the community (cognitive dimension of social capital) categorized as low trust (43.0%), mid trust (38.6%), and high trust (17.3%), as well as participation in voluntary groups (structural dimension of social capital), which further distinguished between bonding (8.9%) and bridging (27.1%) social capital. Using logistic regression, we calculated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for physical inactivity associated with each domain of social capital. Multiple imputation method was employed for missing data. Among total participants, 68.8% were physically active and 28.9% were inactive. Higher trust was associated with a significantly lower odds of physical inactivity (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.42-0.79) compared with low trust. Both bridging and bonding social capital were marginally significantly associated with lower odds of physical inactivity (bridging, OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.62-1.00; bonding, OR = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.48-1.03) compared with lack of structural social capital.Conclusions/Significance: Low individual-level social capital, especially lower trust of others in the community, was associated with physical inactivity among Japanese adults.
dc.language.isoen_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleDoes Social Capital Promote Physical Activity? A Population-Based Study in Japan
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.description.versionVersion of Record
dc.relation.journalPloS One
dash.depositing.authorKawachi, Ichiro::3b17e788dad605ac69e3dd457b6c41ac::600
dc.date.available2019-08-30T11:20:18Z
dash.workflow.comments1Science Serial ID 83090
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0012135
dash.source.volume5;8


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