Physical Activity and Survival After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study
Kenfield, Stacey A.
Chan, June M.
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CitationKenfield, Stacey A., Meir J. Stampfer, Edward Giovannucci, and June M. Chan. 2011. “Physical Activity and Survival After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study.” Journal of Clinical Oncology 29 (6): 726–32. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2010.31.5226.
AbstractPurpose: To determine whether higher physical activity after prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis decreases risk of overall and PCa-specific death. Patients and Methods: We evaluated physical activity in relation to overall and PCa mortality among 2,705 men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study diagnosed with nonmetastatic PCa observed from 1990 to 2008. Proportional hazards models were used to evaluate physical activity and time to overall and PCa-specific death.ResultsAmong men who lived at least 4 years after their postdiagnosis physical activity assessment, we documented 548 deaths, 20% of which were a result of PCa. In multivariable analysis, men who were physically active had lower risk of all-cause mortality (P(trend) < .001) and PCa mortality (P(trend) = .04). Both nonvigorous activity and vigorous activity were associated with significantly lower overall mortality. Those who walked >= 90 minutes per week at a normal to very brisk pace had a 46% lower risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 0.54; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.71) compared with shorter durations at an easy walking pace. Men with >= 3 hours per week of vigorous activity had a 49% lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.72). For PCa-specific mortality, brisk walking at longer durations was suggestively inverse but not statistically significant. Men with >= 3 hours per week of vigorous activity had a 61% lower risk of PCa death (HR, 0.39, 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.84; P = .03) compared with men with less than 1 hour per week of vigorous activity. Men exercising vigorously before and after diagnosis had the lowest risk. Conclusion: In men with PCa, physical activity was associated with lower overall mortality and PCa mortality. A modest amount of vigorous activity such as biking, tennis, jogging, or swimming for >= 3 hours a week may substantially improve PCa-specific survival.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41292611
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