A 25 Year Prospective Study of Plasma Adiponectin and Leptin Concentrations and Prostate Cancer Risk and Survival
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CitationLi, H., M. J. Stampfer, L. Mucci, N. Rifai, W. Qiu, T. Kurth, and J. Ma. 2009. “A 25-Year Prospective Study of Plasma Adiponectin and Leptin Concentrations and Prostate Cancer Risk and Survival.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (1): 34–43. https://doi.org/10.1373/clinchem.2009.133272.
AbstractBACKGROUND: Adipocytokines may mediate the association between adiposity and lethal prostate cancer outcomes. Methods: In the Physicians' Health Study, we prospectively examined the association of prediagnostic plasma concentrations of adiponectin and leptin with risk of developing incident prostate cancer (654 cases diagnosed 1982-2000 and 644 age-matched controls) and, among cases, risk of dying from prostate cancer by 2007. Results: Adiponectin concentrations were not associated with risk of overall prostate cancer. However, men with higher adiponectin concentrations had lower risk of developing high-grade or lethal cancer (metastatic or fatal disease). The relative risk (95% CI) comparing the highest quintile to the lowest (Q5 vs Q1) was 0.25 (95% Cl 0.07-0.87; P(trend) = 0.02) for lethal cancer. Among all the cases, higher adiponectin concentrations predicted lower prostate cancer-specific mortality [hazard ratio (HR)(Q5 vs Q1) = 0.39; 95% Cl 0.17-0.85; P(trend) = 0.02], independent of body mass index (BMI), plasma C-peptide (a marker of insulin secretion), leptin, clinical stage, and tumor grade. This inverse association was apparent mainly among men with a BMI >= 25 kg/m(2) (HR(Q5 vs Q1) = 0.10; 95% CI 0.01-0.78; P(trend) = 0.02), but not among men of normal weight (P(trend) = 0.51). Although the correlation of leptin concentrations with BMI (r = 0.58, P < 0.001) was stronger than that of adiponectin (r = -0.17, P < 0.001), leptin was unrelated to prostate cancer risk or mortality. ConclUSIONS: Higher prediagnostic adiponectin (but not leptin) concentrations predispose men to a lower risk of developing high-grade prostate cancer and a lower risk of subsequently dying from the cancer, suggesting a mechanistic link between obesity and poor prostate cancer outcome.
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