Prospective Evaluation of the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism and the Risk of Stroke
Zee, R. Y. L.
Ridker, P. M.
Hennekens, C. H.
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CitationZee, Robert Y.L., Paul M. Ridker, Meir J. Stampfer, Charles H. Hennekens, and Klaus Lindpaintner. 1999. “Prospective Evaluation of the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism and the Risk of Stroke.” Circulation 99 (3): 340–43. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.99.3.340.
AbstractBackground-The D/I polymorphism of the ACE gene has been studied in relation to a variety of cardiovascular disorders, including stroke. A number of small studies have been conducted, with inconsistent results. We investigated the association between ACE genotype and the incidence of stroke in a large, prospective, matched case-control sample from the Physicians' Health Study.Methods and Results-In the Physicians' Health Study, 348 subjects who had been apparently healthy at enrollment suffered a stroke during 12 years of follow-up, as determined from medical records and autopsy. A total of 348 cases were matched by age, time of randomization, and smoking habit to an equal number of controls (who had remained free of stroke). The D/I polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction, Data were analyzed for the entire nested case-control sample, and also among a subgroup without a history of hypertension or diabetes mellitus, considered to be at low conventional risk (207 cases and 280 controls). All observed genotype frequencies were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The relative risk associated with the D allele was 1.11 (95% CI, 0.90 to 1.37; P=0.35), assuming an additive model in the matched analysis. Additional analyses assuming dominant or recessive effects of the D allele, as well as the analysis after stratification for low-risk status, showed no material as a statistically significant association.Conclusions-The results of this large, prospective study indicate that the ACE D/I gene polymorphism is not associated with subsequent risk of stroke.
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