Bidi and cigarette smoking and risk of acute myocardial infarction among males in urban India
Willett, Walter C.::94559ea206eef8a8844fc5b80654fa5b::600
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CitationRastogi, T. 2005. “Bidi and Cigarette Smoking and Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction among Males in Urban India.” Tobacco Control 14 (5): 356–58. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2005.011965.
AbstractDeath from myocardial infarction (MI) in India is exacerbated by smoking of bidis or cigarettes. Smoking among 309 men with incident MI was compared to 618 age matched controls; 56% of the individuals with MI and 26% of controls were current smokers. Current smokers had a relative risk of 4.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.2 to 6.9) compared to never smokers. Relative risks for smoking more than 10 cigarettes or 10 bidis daily were 9.1 (95% CI 4.7 to 17.7) and 8.1 (95% CI 4.3 to 15.3), respectively. It is estimated that smoking may cause 53% (95% CI 47% to 64%) of MIs among urban males in India.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41293019
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