A Structured Deep Neural Network for Data Driven Localization in High Frequency Wireless Networks
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CitationComiter, Marcus Z., Michael B. Crouse, and H.T. Kung. 2017. International Journal of Computer Networks and Communications (IJCNC) 9, no. 3 (May): 21-39.
AbstractNext-generation wireless networks such as 5G and 802.11ad networks will use millimeter waves operating at 28GHz, 38GHz, or higher frequencies to deliver unprecedentedly high data rates, e.g., 10 gigabits per second. However, millimeter waves must be used directionally with narrow beams in order to overcome the large attenuation due to their higher frequency. To achieve high data rates in a mobile setting, communicating nodes need to align their beams dynamically, quickly, and in high resolution. We propose a data-driven, deep neural network (DNN) approach to provide robust localization for beam alignment, using a lower frequency spectrum (e.g., 2.4 GHz). The proposed DNN-based localization methods use the angle of arrival derived from phase differences in the signal received at multiple antenna arrays to infer the location of a mobile node. Our methods differ from others that use DNNs as a black box in that the structure of our neural network model is tailored to address difficulties associated with the domain, such as collinearity of the mobile node with antenna arrays, fading and multipath. We show that training our models requires a small number of sample locations, such as 30 or fewer, making the proposed methods practical. Our specific contributions are: (1) a structured DNN approach where the neural network topology reflects the placement of antenna arrays, (2) a simulation platform for generating training and evaluation data sets under multiple noise models, and (3) demonstration that our structured DNN approach improves localization under noise by up to 25% over traditional off-the-shelf DNNs, and can achieve sub-meter accuracy in a real-world experiment.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41364823
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