Modeling of Covalent Bonding in Solids by Inversion of Cohesive Energy Curves
Bazant, Martin Z.
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CitationBazant, Martin Z., and Efthimios Kaxiras. 1996. “Modeling of Covalent Bonding in Solids by Inversion of Cohesive Energy Curves.” Physical Review Letters 77 (21): 4370–73. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.4370.
AbstractWe provide a systematic test of empirical theories of covalent bonding in solids using an exact procedure to invert ab initio cohesive energy curves. By considering multiple structures of the same material, it is possible for the first time to test competing angular functions, expose inconsistencies in the basic assumption of a cluster expansion, and extract general features of covalent bonding. We test our methods on silicon, and provide direct evidence that the Tersoff-type bond-order formalism correctly describes coordination dependence. For bond-bending forces, we obtain skewed angular functions that favor small angles, unlike existing models. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, we derive a Si interatomic potential which exhibits comparable accuracy to existing models.
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