Nutritional Predictors of Acute Respiratory Infections Among Children Born to HIV-Infected Women in Tanzania
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CitationMwiru, R., D. Spiegelman, E. Hertzmark, C. Duggan, G. Msamanga, S. Aboud, and W. Fawzi. 2013. “Nutritional Predictors of Acute Respiratory Infections Among Children Born to HIV-Infected Women in Tanzania.” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 59 (3): 203–8. https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmt004.
AbstractWe prospectively determined the association between undernutrition and incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) among 711 children born to HIV-infected women. Overall, underweight was associated with a 58% increased risk of ARI. Similarly, wasting (54%), very low birth weight (88%) and child HIV infection (62%) were significantly associated with increased risk of ARI during the first 2 years. Breastfeeding was associated with 52% reduction in risk of ARI only during the first 12 months of life. Among HIV-exposed, but uninfected, children, underweight, wasting and stunting were associated with 73%, 61% and 33% increased risk of ARI, respectively. Very low birthweight and advanced maternal disease stage were also associated with increased risk of ARI. Similar results were observed among HIV-infected children, except for stunting and very low birth weight. Prevention of child undernutrition could have major impact in reducing child ARI morbidity in settings of high HIV prevalence.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41384687
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