Chern-Simons theory and Wilson loops in the Brillouin zone
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLian, Biao, Cumrun Vafa, Farzan Vafa, and Shou-Cheng Zhang. 2017. “Chern-Simons Theory and Wilson Loops in the Brillouin Zone.” Physical Review B 95 (9). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.95.094512.
AbstractBerry connection is conventionally defined as a static gauge field in the Brillouin zone. Here we show that for three-dimensional (3D) time-reversal invariant superconductors, a generalized Berry gauge field behaves as a fluctuating field of a Chern-Simons gauge theory. The gapless nodal lines in the momentum space play the role of Wilson loop observables, while their linking and knot invariants modify the gravitational theta angle. This angle induces a topological gravitomagnetoelectric effect where a temperature gradient induces a rotational energy flow. We also show how topological strings may be realized in the six-dimensional phase space, where the physical space defects play the role of topological D-branes.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41385095
- FAS Scholarly Articles