Evidence for a U-Shaped Relationship Between Prehospital Vitamin D Status and Mortality: A Cohort Study
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CitationAmrein, Karin, Sadeq A. Quraishi, Augusto A. Litonjua, Fiona K. Gibbons, Thomas R. Pieber, Carlos A. Camargo Jr, Edward Giovannucci, and Kenneth B. Christopher. 2014. “Evidence for a U-Shaped Relationship Between Prehospital Vitamin D Status and Mortality: A Cohort Study.” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 99 (4): 1461–69. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2013-3481.
AbstractObjective: The objective of the study was to examine the association between prehospital serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and the risk of mortality after hospital admission. Design: We performed a retrospective cohort study of adults hospitalized for acute care between 1993 and 2011. Setting: The study was conducted at two Boston teaching hospitals. Patients: A total of 24 094 adult inpatients participated in the study. Intervention: There was no intervention. Measurements: All patients had serum 25(OH) D measured before hospitalization. The exposure of interest was 25(OH) D categorized as less than 10 ng/mL, 10-19.9 ng/mL, 20-29.9 ng/mL, 30-49.9 ng/mL, 50-59.9 ng/mL, 60-69.9 ng/mL, and 70 ng/mL or greater. The main outcome measure was 90-day mortality. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were estimated by multivariable logistic regression with inclusion of potential confounders. Results: After adjustment for age, gender, race (white vs nonwhite), patient type (surgical vs medical), season of 25(OH) D draw, and the Deyo-Charlson index, patients with 25(OH) D levels less than 30 ng/mL or 60 ng/mL or greater had higher odds of 90-day mortality compared with patients with levels of 30-49.9 ng/mL [adjusted OR (95% confidence interval) for 25(OH)D < 10 ng/mL, 10-19.9 ng/mL, 20-29.9 ng/mL, 50-59.9 ng/mL, 60-69.9 ng/mL, and >= 70 ng/mL was 2.01 (1.68-2.40), 1.89 (1.64-2.18), 1.34 (1.16-1.56), 0.94 (0.69-1.26), 1.52 (1.03-2.25), and 1.69 (1.09-2.61), respectively, compared with patients with 25(OH)D levels 30-49.9 ng/mL].Limitations: A causal relationship between either low or high 25(OH)D levels and increased mortality can not necessarily be inferred from this observational study. Conclusions: Analysis of 24 094 adult patients showed that 25(OH)D levels less than 20 ng/mL and 60 ng/mL or greater before hospitalization were associated with an increased odds of 90-day mortality. Although previous reports have suggested an association between low vitamin D status and mortality, these data raise the issue of potential harm from high serum 25(OH)D levels, provide a rationale for an upper limit to supplementation, and emphasize the need for caution in the use of extremely high doses of vitamin D among patients.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:41392006
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